Aircraft Inspections: A Quick Guide
Aircraft inspections are important to maintain the airworthiness of any aircraft. Read this quick guide for an overview of the aircraft inspection process.
Proper aircraft inspections are essential for safety and efficiency.
They’re also required by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to fly your plane.
A maintained plane has fewer breakdowns and runs at peak performance. If you postpone or neglect plane inspections it can put passengers at risk. Plus, a malfunction can cause serious damage to the plane.
Inspections help discover worn parts and components before a problem arises.
Keep reading for an overview of plane inspections.
Types of Aircraft Inspections
Two types of aircraft inspections are the 100-Hour Inspection and the Annual Inspection.
Both check the plane according to manufacturer guidelines, and FAA regulations. The difference is in who conducts the inspection.
The 100-Hour Inspection is scheduled according to flight hours.
A 100-Hour Inspection is required if the plane is used for commercial purposes. If you fly for hire or give flight instructions, you must have it inspected after 100 hours of flight time.
A qualified technician, like an Airframe and Power Plant mechanic, can perform the 100-Hour Inspection.
If you log over 200 hours a year it’s smart to have inspections every 100 hours, even if you don’t fly for hire.
According to the FAA, all planes must have an annual inspection. The rule is that no one can operate a plane unless it’s inspected during the preceding 12 months.
Annual Inspections must be by someone with an Inspection Authority Certificate (IA). No other type of mechanic can approve the Annual Inspection Report.
If a 100-Hour Inspection for your plane is near an Annual Inspection, the Annual Inspection can replace it.
But, the 100-Hour inspection does not meet the requirements for an Annual Inspection.
A pilot can ask the FAA for permission to conduct a Progressive Inspection. This is an alternative to the Annual Inspection.
The Progressive Inspection allows certain parts of the Annual Inspection to be done overnight. This reduces the downtime needed to perform the Annual Inspection.
Beyond routine inspections that examine the entire plane, some systems need individual inspection.
The altimeter system, transponder, and flight instruments are inspected every 24 months. The special inspection checks data and efficiency.
The manufacturer’s manual contains basic inspection instructions. But, all mechanics must review FAA service bulletins and updates. This keeps them current on inspection requirements.
Plane logbooks and checklists are useful tools for aircraft inspections. The records confirm each inspection is performed and recorded on time.
Every inspection must be recorded in the plane’s logbook.
Pilots, technicians, and mechanics write dates and details on repairs, parts, and maintenance.
Accurate record-keeping is key to the inspection process. The logbooks provide proof of inspection. The proof is required to obtain flight permits and meet FAA regulations.
Get Expert Aircraft Inspections at CXO
Our IA and A & P Licensed Technicians resolve issues, inspect planes, and perform major repairs and alterations. We have the newest computer-based maintenance manuals and technical data available.
Contact General Aviation Jet Center today to schedule your aircraft inspections.